Dentistry for children

Dentistry for children

When should parents start taking their children to the dentist?

A child’s first visit to the dentist should coincide with the appearance of the primary teeth or in the six-month period following this event (at about age 1). The goal here is not necessarily to treat the child, but rather to familiarize her or him with the dental clinic setting. The earlier the visit, the better the odds of preventing dental problems. If you think your child may have a cavity, or if your older children have had them, do not hesitate to speak with your dentist.

The dentist will take a preventive approach with your child by checking:

  • Development and growth of the jaws
  • Position of the teeth
  • Position of the tongue during swallowing
  • Any problems with speech, chewing or appearance

From the age of 3 years, the following treatments can be carried out:

  • Scaling of teeth
  • Polishing
  • Fluoride applications
  • Application of sealants (around the age of 6)

The sealing of pits and fissures involves applying a thin layer of resin to the chewing surfaces of molars and premolars. It does not require an anesthetic and will protect your child’s teeth from decay.

What causes cavities?

There are many causes of cavities in children, but diet and oral hygiene are key. It is important to understand the various stages of a cavity’s development. After every meal, food particles stay stuck on the teeth. If they are not removed by brushing, bacteria in the mouth transform the sugar in these particles into acids that attack the teeth’s enamel. This is why parents must teach their children the basics of good daily oral hygiene early on.

Beware of snacks!

Candy bars, dried fruit, and juice – even natural – contain sugar. Parents should limit their children’s consumption of sugar drinks to one a day.

Choose non-sticky and sugar-free snacks such as cheese, vegetables, and fresh fruit.

When the primary teeth have grown in, children can start to use dental floss.

The use of a tiny amount of fluoride toothpaste is recommended for children less than two years of age and pea-sized amount for children two years old and up.

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