Cosmetic Dentistry

Cosmetic Dentistry

What makes you smile?

The elements that contribute to the beauty of the smile are the teeth (position and anatomy), gums (contour, thickness, etc.) and lips (shape, fullness, and symmetry).

What makes a beautiful smile?
Smile esthetics involve tooth shapes and proportions as well as a harmonious relationship between the face, teeth, and gums.

Discover how to obtain a new smile in 24h

Principles of smile design

Factors that influence the aesthetics of the smile

Symmetry of the smile:

Symmetry around the facial midline and symmetry in size, length, and shape of the two upper central incisors.

Horizontal alignment:

Horizontal alignment of the smile line with the horizontal eye line.

Smile line:

The edge of the upper teeth should follow the curve of the lower lip when you are smiling.

Gum line:

The line that connects the highest points of the upper teeth must follow the line of the upper lip.

Contact area (where adjacent teeth physically touch):

Ideally, dimensions of the contact points decline as we move from anterior area backward (the largest contact area is between central incisors).

Gum health:

Gum tissues should have a light pink color, a firm texture and fill the gap between your teeth in order to avoid the ‘black triangle’ effect (see left picture). Your gums should not present any swelling or bleeding.

Do you like your smile?

To analyze your smile, stand in front of a mirror, smile, and check the following points:

  • Are you missing one or more teeth?
  • Are your teeth white or slightly yellow, tinted or stained?
  • Are there spaces between some of your teeth?
  • Do the edges of your upper teeth follow the curvature of your bottom lip when you smile?
  • Do any of your teeth appear too small or too large?
  • Do you have teeth that are crooked, uneven, misaligned?
  • Is the median line between your two front teeth centered with your face and your nose?
  • Do you grind your teeth? Do you have worn or chipped teeth?
  • Do your teeth seem too long or too short compared to others?
  • Does your smile show too much gum tissue?
  • Do you have receding gums? Are your gums red and swollen?
  • Are your gums even and symmetrical or irregularly shaped?
  • Do your canine teeth appear too long or too sharp?
  • Do you have any apparent dental amalgam (silver fillings) on your teeth?
  • Do you have old crowns that have a dark edge or that don’t look natural?

If this list allowed you to identify some problems, our clinic can help you solving them and beautifying your smile.

How to improve your smile?

From subtle changes to major restorations, our clinic can use a variety of procedures to enhance your smile. There are many techniques for treating teeth that are discolored, cracked, broken, deformed or missing.

We can reshape your teeth and gums, close interdental spaces and restore worn teeth. We are also able to change the length, color, and alignment of your teeth.

Besides improving aesthetics, many of these treatments will improve chewing, digestion and maintenance of your teeth.

Tailored treatment solutions

Here is an overview of cosmetic dentistry treatments performed at our clinic:

Cosmetic tooth contouring

This technique allows changing the length or shape of one or more teeth by shaving away or polishing small areas of the tooth’s enamel. It gives you a more comfortable bite, reduces the risk of gum disease and provides a more beautiful smile. It is used to correct crooked, chipped or cracked teeth as well as irregularly shaped teeth. This procedure requires no anesthesia and is performed quickly and without any pain. The dentist uses a sanding drill or laser to sculpt the tooth. The dentist first takes x-rays to assess the size and location of the tooth’s pulp and to ensure that the enamel layer is not too thin. Dental contouring is often combined with bonding.

Tooth bonding

 Dental bonding is useful when a small portion of the tooth requires a repair (cavities, broken tooth, gaps between teeth, stained tooth, etc.). This method is quick and painless. Composite resin is applied to the tooth, shaped, hardened with a UV dental light and polished to give it the same finish as a natural tooth.

Veneers

Veneers are thin shells made of porcelain or composite resin (plastic) that are placed on the front teeth to change their color or shape.

They are used on chipped, discolored, irregularly shaped, gapped or slightly crooked teeth.

This treatment requires little or no anesthesia.

It is an alternative to crowns (which are more expensive).

Porcelain veneers require more than one appointment because they are made in a laboratory. The lifespan of veneers is longer than that of dental bonding.

The color of veneers stays stable longer.

Learn more about veneers

Crowns

The crown is an artificial tooth used to cover a damaged tooth and restore its form, aesthetics, and functionality.

It is used when a natural tooth is badly damaged and when other techniques (veneers, bonding, etc.) are not effective.

Although its cost is higher than the cost of other techniques, its life expectancy is also longer than other types of cosmetic dentistry restorations.

Learn more about crowns

CEREC restorations

A computer-assisted restoration technique to make ceramic crowns and inlays.

Useful for repairing cracked or broken teeth and to solidify teeth who have received a root canal treatment or large fillings.

Done in one appointment.

Learn more about CEREC restorations

Orthodontics 

Orthodontic treatment can improve the appearance of the smile among people of all ages

Fixed or removable devices are used to align teeth and eliminate overlapping, gaps and malocclusion (problems in the way the upper and lower teeth fit together in biting or chewing).

Learn more about orthodontics

Teeth whitening

Teeth whitening is a method commonly used to remove stains on teeth or to simply get whiter teeth.

Enamel discoloration can be caused by medication, smoking or the consumption of coffee and tea. Discoloration may also be hereditary or simply due to aging.

Teeth whitening can be done at the dentist’s office or at home, according to your dentist’s recommendations.

Your dentist creates a custom-made tray in order to ensure that the right amount of bleaching product is used and that your teeth are properly exposed to it.

Normally, teeth whitening at home takes two to four weeks, depending on the tint you want to achieve.

Teeth whitening at the dental clinic may require one or more appointments of 45 minutes to an hour.

learn more about teeth whitening

Gum treatments

Crown lengthening (tooth elongation): during this procedure, an excess of gum tissue is removed to expose more of a tooth’s structure (can be used to correct a gummy smile).

Gingival graft: this technique is used in cases of gingival recession, when the teeth seem to be very long, to restore a normal amount of gum tissue around the teeth and achieve gum symmetry.

Periodontal pocket reduction procedure: this is a cleaning of the surface of the tooth root (under the gum) to restore the health of the gingiva and bones (in cases of periodontal disease).

 

For the replacement of missing teeth see dentures, bridges, implants